While there are multiple the things that cause swelling and pain in the possession of and feet, Arthritis is some of the most common cause.
The term "Arthritis" is from the Greek and means "joint inflammation". It refers to substantially more than 100 different diseases that create pain, swelling, and stiffness along with this joints. Joints are where the ends of long our bones connect and interact. The end of each bone potential to joint has a bulb layer of cartilage that is held in place simply by ligaments, tendons, and muscle tissues. A joint is made with synovial tissue (synovium) which will help to nourish the joint pain. It is the synovium are likely to becomes inflamed in Arthritis.
Arthritis may also ruin other supporting structures around joints identical to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, in which case bones. Some serious sorts Arthritis can affect organs.
The common Symptoms of Arthritis are caused by inflammation (swelling, heat, inflammation, pain):
o Swelling in a number joints
o Stiffness in the joints each morning or with prolonged inactivity
o Pains or tenderness
o Restricted mobility close to joints
o Warmth or redness
Diagnosing Arthritis can be difficult because some Symptoms are likewise common to many many diseases. A rheumatologist will do a complete tangible exam, looking for techniques. The eyes, ears, sinus, throat, heart, lungs, and other parts of the body will be examined there are even joints. Lab tests and imaging procedures not forgetting x-ray, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) might be ordered.
The most common form of Arthritis are:
OsteoArthritis (OA) is called degenerative joint disease. This is always most common type with all Arthritis. When it affects your hands, it can cause painful swelling over the past row (Heberden's nodes) as well as middle row (Bouchards nodes) to finger joints. In the feet it happens to the toe joints along with mid-foot. This disease has effects on cartilage, the tissue that pillows and protects the ends of bones in a joint. With OsteoArthritis, the cartilage actually starts to wear away prematurely. The swelling of greatest fingers and toes may lead to bony deformity.
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is actually an autoimmune disease; the immune mechanism (defense mechanism against infection) strikes normal tissues. This autoimmune reaction causes inflammation of synovium. RA Symptoms entail pain, stiffness, swelling, rapid involving joint function, and unpleasant. When severe, Rheumatoid Arthritis also affects internal organs. This is this Arthritis that most usually causes severe inflammation in the possession of and feet.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is mostly symmetric- one side of ones own bodt being affected much like the other.
Fibromyalgia is a expanded disease characterized by generalized affliction. The pain is along with stiffness that is worst each morning but tends to last 24 hours a day. Patients may have localized tender points occurring in the muscle group, particularly in the throat, spine, shoulders, and waistline. These tender points known as trigger points. Fatigue and sleep disturbances also occur. There is subjective blood loss along with pain in the possession of and feet.
Gout and pseudogout are inflammatory sorts Arthritis due to deposits of crystals in joints and further body tissues. Uric acid is culprit in gout and calcium pyrophosphate is regarded as a villain in pseudogout. Both diseases cause troubling attacks of Arthritis affecting the feet and hands.
Infectious Arthritis is some of those Arthritis caused by a range of bacteria or viruses. A common form of transmittable Arthritis is Lyme virus. Infectious forms of Arthritis can create swelling and pain in the possession of and feet. A diagnosis is typically difficult to establish. Antibiotics may be used to treat infections infectious Arthritis.
Reactive Arthritis is a very autoimmune Arthritis that develops after one has an infection in may urinary tract or digestive tract. This problem is termed as Reiter's disease. People who definitely have this disease often perhaps even eye inflammation (iritis), skin breakouts, and mouth sores. Inflammatory Arthritis involving the feet and hands leading to a toe or finger that appears like a sausage (dactylitis) is normal.
Psoriatic Arthritis. Some people who psoriasis also have Arthritis. This disease often affects the feet and hands. It is usually asymmetric. It also causes deformity of the fingernail or toenails (onycholysis) that is often misdiagnosed to provide a fungal problem. Sometimes the spine- back and low back-can are affected with. As with Reiter's ailment, dactylitis often occurs.
Systemic lupus erythematosus an additional autoimmune disease. Lupus is relevant to many organ systems including the joints, skin, kidneys, bronchi, blood vessels, heart, in which case brain. This is a cause of swelling and pain involving the hands and feet.
Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis is an extremely common type of Arthritis influencing children. It leads to tell you that pain, stiffness, swelling, and involving function in the seam. A patient can retained rashes and fevers using the disease. Hands, wrists, shins, and feet are slightly affected.
Polymyalgia rheumatica. Symptoms entail pain, aching, and morning stiffness along with this shoulders, hips, thighs, in which case neck. It is sometimes solution . sign of giant phone arteritis, an inflammatory disease of arteries characterized by headaches, scalp tenderness, weakness, moisture, and fever. The feet and hands may be affected although less often than other joints. A erythrocyte sedimentation rate (sed rate), a blood test that measures inflammation, is periodically greatly elevated.
Bursitis is inflammation of bursae- the small, fluid-filled sacs to help cushion joints. The inflammation may accompany Arthritis on the joint or injury or infection navigation systems bursae. Bursitis produces pain and tenderness and may limit the movement all of them joints.
Tendinitis is inflammation of training tendons (the fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones) as a result overuse, injury, or Arthritis. Tendinitis produces pain and tenderness and may restrict movement of hips.
Not all conditions that induce Symptoms of pain and swelling in the possession of and feet are out of every Arthritis. Here are some non-Arthritis causes...
Polycythemia vera (PV) is a disorder that is due to excessive production of red blood cells, orange blood cells, and platelets. Some patients with PV don't get any Symptoms at they do not, but many will accept as true easy bruising or internal bleeding with minimal trauma. Equally, the blood may thicken, causing it to clot in tiny arteries. If clotting does happen in the small blood vessels of ones own fingers and toes, the patient may experience numbness otherwise the burning. Swelling and pain in the possession of and feet may on another hand occur.
Some medical malady cause edema... swelling of hands, ankles, feet, match up against, abdomen, or other parts of the body. Swelling is most often seen in the hands, in the feet, or about the eyes. The swelling often is painful.
Edema is due to make available excessive fluid accumulation. It can be due to abnormal kidney function, continuing kidney disease, congestive heart, varicose veins, phlebitis, beefs or thiamine deficiency, sodium retention, or cancer.
Other causes of edema are pregnancy, standing for very, premenstrual syndrome, oral contraceptives, an injury (sprain), an under active thyroid (low thyroid), anemia, adrenal illness, deficiencies of potassium and B vitamins, or allergic reactions.
The cause of the edema does need to be determined. Diagnoses such as congestive heart disease, kidney disease, or liver disease should be ruled your chance.
Insect stings can causes swelling and pain in the hands and feet. The same type reaction may occur in conjunction medications, such as penicillin or your sulfa. This is called serum sickness.
Acromegaly will be disease where a tumor via pituitary gland causes an overproduction of human growth hormone. This leads to swelling and pain in the hands and feet.
Frostbite is another regarding swelling and pain in the possession of and feet.
Blood clots along with this veins are another root of swelling and pain via limbs. This rarely affects the upper extremities (arms). If it would possibly, diseases associated with clotting abnormalities requires to be suspected.
Reflex sympathetic dystrophy (causalgia) is actually an unusual disorder that leads swelling and pain to the affected limb. Generally it happens in an arm and a leg, rarely both inspite of. The preceding event is usually a trauma.